This time of year it’s exam results, clearing and student recruitment that’s on my mind. My role is leading, on behalf of the Senior Management Team, the University’s student recruitment process, working with all relevant academic and Professional Services staff to ensure we meet targets set, quite a task! For those outside of the UK higher education system, this is about the exam results that (largely) 18/19 years old get and how they are matched up with a University place.


As often happens when it’s this time of year, I reflect back on waiting for my own A level results and trying to find out whether I had been accepted into University.   I recall that I was in Greece at the time and it wasn’t possible to find out my results from Corfu (oh how times have changed!) so I had to travel by bus to the main post office in Athens to phone home. Happily, Warwick University had accepted me and so began my life in higher education.


Fast forward from August 1977 to August 2018…. and I’m in Swansea University. Happily it has been a highly successful year for the University; our recent rankings, UK top 5 for overall student satisfaction, top 10 for graduate prospects, Gold TEF award, UK REF Top 30 and highest ever ranking in the Guardian University Guide, are certainly proving their worth with students confirming acceptance of our offer or record numbers applying through the Clearing process.


Clearing is challenging for all universities, but I have to say that my colleague’s right across the University have really pulled out all the stops and have been amazing!  It never ceases to amaze me that, for an institution that delivers teaching, research and works with businesses, we cleverly produce a huge ‘call centre’ for results day and the days following to deal with all of the queries and calls. I spend much of these days in our call centre or walking around some of the Colleges (great for my Fitbit steps) to get updates and to be as encouraging as possible. It’s always very moving to hear the stories of the prospective students that are calling in and wonderful to hear when there are happy outcomes too.


Clearing is the culmination of many months of hard work, this year has been no exception with hundreds of our staff, and volunteers working relentlessly over the weekend, since the A level results were announced last week. In the first two hours of clearing alone, we received twice as many calls as in the same period last year, with over 3000 on the first day, a record number for the University.  Quite an achievement as this year, because of the demographic dip, there are 4% fewer 18-year-olds in the population of Wales and UK figures are down too.    Of course, the Open Days are key to increasing interest too. We’ve made a lot of improvements and, together with an impressive recruitment campaign for home undergraduate market and international and postgraduate students, brought about a 30% increase in attendance, helping to sustain the growth of the University too and the clearing campaign has ensured that we are continuing to flourish.


Student recruitment is still underway but we’ll soon finalise this and then focus on ensuring we can best support students with their learning, growing their employability skills in preparation for the world of work, with our staff enabling them to be the best person that they can be.


So, thank you to all of my colleagues for all that you have done.

And to all of those joining us soon, welcome to Swansea, see you in arrivals week!

August 22nd, 2018

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Over the last few days I have attended two research conferences for our PhD students that are designed to increase students’ skills in communicating their research to others, whilst improving their networking skills and meeting researchers from other disciplines too.  My role tends to be to make introductory speeches and occasionally hand out prizes too, happy occasions!

The two conferences included the PGR Showcase which is a series of events over one day, open to all PhD students, from the early morning ‘Porridge with the Professor’ (a great event to encourage PhD students to meet and chat with some of our Profs on any topics they chose) to a poster competition and finally the three minute thesis (3MT) competition. The second was the Medical School’s PGR conference, organised and run this year entirely by the PhD students themselves. Both were very enjoyable and I really supported the concept of the latter as the students learned so much too. Being able to support our early career researchers to advance their work and demonstrate their skills and expertise to a wide audience is something that I am passionate about. It is a testament to our research students, too, that they actively engage with opportunities to share and promote their excellent research and their research findings to wider audiences.

Undertaking postgraduate research is truly challenging; yet at the same time it is also immensely rewarding. It requires a unique combination of commitment, inquisitiveness, a thirst for knowledge and dedication in order to become an independent researcher.

Both of these events showed the diversity of cutting-edge research taking place. For example the topics for the final of the 3MT competition ranged from ‘The Artistry of J.K. Rowling’s work’, the ‘China-UK free trade agreement’ and ‘Stress whitening in pre-coated steels’; and the posters encompassed ‘Tackling Teenage Inactivity…’, blood tests for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and the causes and origins of corruption in Europe to name but a few!

Events like this of course do mean that we reflect back on our own experiences as postgraduates, for my part at Warwick University where our Microbiology research laboratory was actually a converted toilet! I did try to make the most of every opportunity that presented itself to me – like learning new skills, presenting my research to others including my industrial sponsors, publishing my research and networking at conferences – in order to be able to contribute to my discipline, try out new experiences and learn new techniques.

Below I’ve included much of the speech I made at the opening of the PGR research conference for the Medical School, in case this is of interest:-


“Thank you for inviting me to open today’s Swansea University Medical School PGR Conference.

This has been a week of celebrating outstanding research and achievement amongst our PGR student community; yesterday I hosted the award ceremony of the University’s first annual PGR Showcase, where the winners of the University’s poster competition and 3MT were announced. These opportunities, as with your conference today and tomorrow, to promote your research, the passion you have for your discipline and develop your skills to communicate and engage diverse audiences with your findings, are paramount as you strive forward in your careers.

When I was growing up girls were taught cooking and needlework at school rather than physics, metalwork or chemistry. In my early 20’s I was particularly interested in nature conservation and emerging environmental challenges. I was a vociferous reader and when I read the seminal book ‘Silent Spring’, by Rachel Carson, I became aware of a number of opportunities that I thought I’d like to pursue. I took A-levels at evening class and then enrolled at Warwick University. I sought out every opportunity I could to promote my research and develop my skills as a researcher and communicator; and that’s the approach I’ve taken throughout my career – to make the most of every opportunity that’s presented itself along my science journey.

I say this because it’s at conferences just such as yours today that you can take your own steps as part of your career journey. Taking part in delivering a poster or paper is important but don’t forget to make the most of meeting new people, sharing new ideas, discussing new opportunities. All of these aspects help you to build your contacts and your network.


As many of you will know I am a prolific user of Twitter, which is just one way I choose to reach many different people with the breadth and variety of things (not all scientific), which interest me (and which I hope will interest them).  As some of you may also know I have a blog –The Disruptive STEMinist! I am passionate about the involvement and promotion of women, in particular in STEM and in taking an open and inclusive approach. I was interviewed not so long ago by the Federation of European Microbiology Societies, of which I am currently the Vice-President, for International Women’s Day, and was asked for advice I’d want to pass to today’s postgraduate and early career researchers. This is how I’d respond for you today:

  1. Do join learned and other academic societies as it is great to be a part of a research community from an early stage and contribute to your discipline
  2. Take every opportunity to learn the skills of how to present your research to others and try this out at conferences and to others whenever possible
  3. Public outreach is important, especially in communicating your research to others outside of your subject area
  4. Network, network, network – be that at informal College and research group gatherings or conferences beyond your own group; and invite yourself to other labs to learn new techniques
  5. Publishing your research is essential to progress in an academic career, so discuss with your advisors when is the right time to consider this
  6. Work hard but do get some balance with a social life too – I have always played a lot of sport, which I find helps give perspective to my research!

If any of these tips are as helpful to you as they have been to me in my career, then we’ll be on the right track. Thank you again for asking me to open your PGR Conference. For all those participating, I wish you all the best of luck!





June 6th, 2018

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Post-Doc in North America

As someone in their ‘more senior years’ as an academic, I get asked to tell ‘my story’ about how I got from being a girl growing up in Middlesbrough to a Professor of Microbiology and Senior Pro-Vice Chancellor.  This post covers how and why I moved to North America for a Post Doc and how this opened up opportunities for me and enabled me to get a faculty position at Exeter University three years later.

After my PhD at Warwick University I had a first post-Doctoral position at the Institute for Biotechnological Studies in London.  The funding was running out for that three year post and I needed to secure a job fast.  I had attended my first international conference near Copenhagen a few months earlier and had given my first talk at an international conference – but more about that experience in a later blog posting! I started to understand the benefits of networking at conferences in developing research and career opportunities so I submitted an abstract for the forthcoming ISME4 meeting in Ljubljana in August 1986.  As for my first international meeting I went alone and had to raise the funding to go myself.

The flight to the ISME 4 meeting was delayed for many hours so all passengers were ushered into a room to wait (yes this was a different era in flying!)  It was crowded so I had to share a table and sat next to a seemingly nice couple from North America.  I quickly learned they were Bill and Vivian Costerton, and were Canadians.  Bill was a leading figure in microbial ecology (whom I had never hear of before) how his research covered many, many diverse areas including petroleum microbiology and within 30 minutes he had offered me a post-doc working on microbes in petroleum reservoirs!

He took out a small card and drew out a schematic of the subsurface environment (I later learned that this is how he always worked in research discussions). He sketched out how this seemingly hostile environment was merely a combination of challenges for bacteria but some survived this high temperature, lack of oxygen, salty, high pressure, low nutrient combination, could grow within rocks (I found that concept utterly fascinating) and that some of their growth byproducts were a nuisance and spoiled the quality of the oil.  This meant that many international oil and gas companies were interested in bacteria and sometimes funding such work – and so I started working in petroleum microbiology, bacterial growth on surfaces (biofilms) and the much broader field of microbial ecology.

I really didn’t follow a lot of what Bill was saying but I needed my next research job so I listened and agreed to meet him once the conference was underway. Eventually the flight landed in Ljubljana in the early hours of the morning, then the bus taking us to our hotels broke down in the country lanes but as we were all going to the same conference I had chance to meet and get to know some of them.

The next day I set off to the conference centre but inadvertently stood on the wrong side of the road and, as I couldn’t understand the language, caught the wrong bus and ended up in the outskirts of the city with just me and the bus driver looking at each other.  He stopped there for a few minutes, then luckily for me, drove back into the city and I found the conference centre.

I attended the opening ceremony and watched the ISME President cross the stage and open the conference, little knowing that I would become the President of the Society and play that same role in Cairns 22 years later. I met Bill Costerton and he commenced the paperwork to formally offer me a post Doctoral research fellowship in his huge laboratory group at Calgary University.

I moved there a few months later and took on running part of his research group, broadening my skills and learning how to work with businesses too. Some aspects were very challenging, such as when you have to walk into a room full of engineers, geologists, chemists, mathematical modellers etc and put across our latest research ideas and progress to such an interdisciplinary audience. I learned that it’s about keeping calm when, for example, Darcys, turbulent flow, catholic protection, metal corrosion or oil souring were being discussed and read up on it fast later. We took some new concepts of how bacteria might aid oil recovery and scaled this up from small rock cores into large 3-D reservoir models, pulling in bacteria survival mechanisms and biofilm studies too. All of this helped me to prepare my first faculty applications and led to a job interview at Exeter University.  I was the only female shortlisted but was thrilled to be offered and then accept this in 1989, joining Exeter in 1990, ready for my next adventure!



December 11th, 2017

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This week, Swansea University is celebrating one of the happiest events in the calendar and indeed the highlight of the academic year– our degree congregations! Here we pride ourselves on doing this with a mixture of tradition and informality, for example, including poetry and song as part of each ceremony.  Graduation is a great opportunity for me and the University staff to acknowledge and celebrate success and wish our new graduates well on the next stage of their journey. I always enjoy speaking to new graduates to hear about their time with us and also keeping in touch with our alumni and the wonderful things they go on to achieve.

Participating in degree ceremonies, meeting new graduates and their families/friends and helping them enjoy the occasion is all a great part of the job to me. It’s a personal time too when one has taught and worked with students over many years. Without doubt most of the proudest moments of my working life have been watching my students cross the stage and be admitted to their degrees. The ones we get to know best are frequently our personal tutees, those undergraduate students who undertake research projects with us and our Masters and PhD students.  Each academic knows only too well all of the issues that many of our students have had to cope with with in order to succeed. I was thinking of one in particular today. Together, she and a sibling were supporting each other to ‘work their way’ through university to increase their skills and life chances. As her sibling had a young child, they shared the childcare, arranging their studies and paid employment around this all too.  She sometimes found exams very stressful and I recall more than once that she came to see me for some support just prior to an exam, and we talked together to work up some coping strategies. Fast forward 15+ years, she is now a highly respected scientist and her sibling a medic.  Others will know of many similar instances of how lives were changed through education and the experiences of university life.

I was reflecting too on the various roles that I played at many different ceremonies during my career, at the University of Exeter carrying the ‘wand’ for my subject area to reading out all of the postgraduate names, a tricky task that took me much of a week to prepare, to giving speeches and orations for honorary graduands at Swansea University. In 2015 I was thrilled to be the first woman ever at Swansea University to officiate at a degree ceremony whilst the Vice Chancellor was away.  This week too, I am officiating and once again admitting some graduands to their degrees. For me this is a great honour and I feel that it is very important to see women playing such roles!

So, it’s back to preparing my speeches for the next ceremonies. I hope that all our graduates will look back with great affection to their time with us, what we refer to in one poem as ‘these graduation day smiles’ and will keep in touch with us via the alumni association.

More information about Professor Lappin-Scott and her work can be found at the following links:

Linkedin,  Swansea TedXTalk,  STEM ‘Pioneer’ Award 2017,  WISE Award 2016,  Womenspire Award 2017, Soapbox Science,


July 25th, 2017

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I have been thinking a lot lately about ecosystems.  As a microbiology undergraduate at Warwick University I learned  that microorganisms largely do not exist as individual pure cultures in natural environments but rather as dynamic, complex, interacting communities, frequently benefiting from the presence of the others in the ecosystem.  These microbial ecosystems carry out many of the key processes of life on Earth, for example nutrient cycling, water purification, or within our bodies for example, our gut microbial ecosystems aiding food digestion and overall health.

I applied this to my own research, starting with my PhD.  At Warwick University an interdisciplinary research approach was emphasised right from the start – for my part using plant sciences, soil microbiology, biochemistry, physiology and biotechnology approaches to my research and I’ve broadened this further since then. A further benefit of ‘growing up’ as a researcher at Warwick was there was very much the attitude of ‘if you need something for your research then go and find a way to source it or raise the funds yourself’ and I have found these skills very useful.

I have been participating in the FEMS (Federation of European Microbiology Societies) meeting in Valencia in July and this meeting has brought together more than 2,500 from the international microbiology research community, forming an ecosystem, albeit of researchers. Research conferences play a key role in fostering the sharing of data, ideas and collaborations, so it was heartening to note that more than one third of attendees were early career scientists and from such a broad range of countries the researchers are working in. This diversity within the researcher ecosystem, from Australia, through South Korea and the Middle East; countries all over Europe to North America – is a highly unusual mix and this was reflected in the discussions, exchanges of ideas and exciting new collaborations that result.  I encourage early career researchers to break away from those researchers that they already know at the conference and strike up fresh discussions and make new acquaintances, as this can greatly benefit our research agendas and widen collaboration worldwide.

Such meetings remind us all of our own earlier career and what it felt like to be at your first few scientific meetings, happily FEMS seeks to support early career scientists to truly be part of the conference.  Undoubtedly too, attending conferences reminds us too of our love of our subject and for me the fascination of microbiology –  playing a key role in addressing many of the global challenges, for example the need for clean water, a safe food supply to feed a growing human population, microbes undertaking environmental biotechnology processes etc. The fascination certainly returned for me when some of the researchers reminded us of the shear scale of the microorganisms within our bodies, not solely in terms of numbers but that the combined microbial genome within our bodies is greatly in excess of our own human genome!

The FEMS biennial meeting in Valencia is my first since I was elected as the Vice President.  For me this means looking at the event through a different lens, one of considering how we can build on the good work of others, ensuring a ontinual healthy ecosystem of researchers, fostering a diversity of views and fresh ideas, to help us better use microbes towards resolving many of the global challenges and ensuring that we encourage the research ecosystem to keep working on the microbial ecosystems seems a great place to start.

More information about Professor Lappin-Scott and her work can be found at the following links:

Linkedin,  Swansea TedXTalk,  STEM ‘Pioneer’ Award 2017,  WISE Award 2016,  Womenspire Award 2017, Soapbox Science

July 12th, 2017

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I was thrilled to learn recently that the Welsh organisation Chwarae Teg had shortlisted me for the ‘Womenspire STEM Pioneer’ award for 2017, alongside two other women whom I greatly admire. (There’s more information about the Womenspire awards in the press notice below.) I learned that many of my colleagues from across Swansea University had nominated me and I am delighted to note the goodwill messages via social media too, when the University announced my shortlisting. I recognise that, as one gets later in their career, the opportunities to be recognised for various achievements in turn increase and I am very grateful to my colleagues, thank you all.
I have been pondering on such awards, on the purpose they serve and whether there should there be separate awards for women. Thinking back to both the Womenspire and the WISE 2016 award evenings it was an absolute delight to feel the sense of empowerment of the women in the room and see the very apparent ‘can do’ attitudes of all that attended. I note that there are many other such awards internationally too and I consider that they serve a highly valuable function. It is highly beneficial to raise the profile of women in STEM and in leadership, to increase the visibility of women’s contributions and create a culture of celebrating all of women’s talents and achievements. I have noticed, time and again, that the women in organisations feel that they have a voice, that they make significant and worthwhile contributions and that they are appreciated when there are such awards, in summary it does make a difference.
And now, with my STEM colleagues, we are preparing for Swansea’s Soapbox Science to give a platform/soapbox for women researchers across the STEM subjects to share their passion about their work with the public. In doing so many young girls are able to see that lots of women have very worthwhile work and that they too could have such careers – and maybe out there, there are the future women in STEM!

Professor Hilary Lappin-Scott, Senior Pro-Vice-Chancellor at Swansea University has been shortlisted for an Individual Award in the Chwarae Teg Womenspire Awards.

The Womanspire Awards celebrate the amazing achievements made by women across Wales. They include a wide range of categories to ensure that the winners will be reflective of the achievements being made by women from all walks of life.

Professor Lappin-Scott has been shortlisted in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Pioneer category. The nomination and shortlisting recognises her personal and professional work to develop opportunities for women in STEM. Hilary works tirelessly to inspire, support and encourage women in STEM at all levels locally, nationally and internationally.

Hilary, a Professor of Microbiology, has been a scientist for over 30 years and has supervised fifty PhD students to their successful completion and has published 200+ scientific papers. Her work is recognized as internationally excellent e.g. she received the prestigious Schlumberger Stichting Award .

Hilary is the Vice President of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies, steering the development of the discipline on a global scale. She plays numerous leadership (UK wide and international) roles within STEM, shaping the future direction of research, supporting the international networking of scientists and the exchange of scientific ideas for the benefit of the global scientific community.

At Swansea University Hilary leads, directs and supports the progress of STEM through her current role as Senior-Pro-Vice-Chancellor.

Recently Prof Lappin-Scott devised the “Utilising All Our Talent” initiative at Swansea University, which established a senior group of female staff, facilitating both networking and support. For International Women’s Day 2015 she created the “Inspiring Women” campaign, whereby women from all areas and careers stages are showcased and celebrated, with STEM women well represented throughout and devised the Mary Williams Award which recognises staff who supports others to achieve their full potential. Hilary co-authored the Welsh Government paper ‘Talented Women for a Successful Wales’and delivered a TEDXTalk, which discussed the barriers girls face and challenges they need to overcome when entering the STEM arena

In 2014 Hilary brought “Soapbox Science” a public outreach platform promoting female scientists, from London to Swansea to challenge the public’s perception of women as scientists too, and inspiring the next generation of female scientists. She also attracted the very successful British Science Festival to Wales which Swansea University not only hosted last year but also provided the impetus for the Swansea University Science Festival being held in September this year.

Hilary received the 2016 WISE Campaign “Hero” award in recognition of “her passion about change on a global level and without boundaries. The award citation said that Hilary was “ Busy, visible and creative and she brings together science and industry to improve lives.”

Speaking about Hilary’s Womanspire Award shortlisting Professor Richard B Davies Vice Chancellor, Swansea University said: “As a highly respected scientist and a Senior Pro-Vice-Chancellor at Swansea University, Hilary has a demanding and hectic schedule. But her infectious enthusiasm for science never falters and it is hugely to her credit that she always manages to find the time to encourage and support other women to have successful careers in science. She also makes important strategic contributions, nationally and internationally, to addressing the under-representation and retention of women in STEM. This includes policy development, conference contributions, and membership of advisory and review panels.

“ I thank Chwarae Teg for giving Hilary the opportunity, through her shortlisting for their Womenspire Awards, to champion here in Wales the opportunities for women in STEM.”

Chwarae Teg received over 300 nominations across the 12 categories recognising the extraordinary achievements many individuals and organisations have made in leading equality in their industry such as business, arts, sports, STEM, rural and education.

Chief Executive, Cerys Furlong said, “Following the success of last year’s event we knew that there were more incredible individuals achieving and championing equality here in Wales. We’ve been overwhelmed with the stories and have seen some empowering and compelling nominations that we can’t wait to share with you on 21 June at the Wales Millennium Centre.”

More information about Professor Lappin-Scott and her work can be found at the following links:

Linkedin,  Swansea TedXTalk,  STEM ‘Pioneer’ Award 2017,  WISE Award 2016,  Womenspire Award 2017, Soapbox Science

Chwarae Teg, Womenspire, STEM, diversity, women, STEM pioneer, Swansea University, Hilary Lappin-Scott, empowerment, Richard B Davies, inspiring women, soapbox science.


June 14th, 2017

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hilary lappin-scott in laboratoryWelcome to my blog!

I’m Hilary Lappin-Scott, Professor of Microbiology. I’ve been working as a research scientist for decades, running my own research group and training lots of women and men as the next generation of scientists, industrialists and entrepreneurs. My postings cover my world of higher education, all STEM subjects, global conferences and travel, leadership in universities, equality and diversity. Comments welcome and all views my own.

More information about Professor Lappin-Scott and her work can be found at the following links:

Linkedin,  Swansea TedXTalk,  STEM ‘Pioneer’ Award 2017,  WISE Award 2016,  Womenspire Award 2017, Soapbox ScienceSwansea Uni PVC profile, Research Gate

April 11th, 2017

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Diversity in the workplace

One of my roles at Swansea University is to champion change and support increasing diversity in all we do to ‘utilise all our talent’ and support achieving a culture where everyone feels  they can be themselves and in turn produce their best work. Toward this there is some related photos of  recent activities with the LGBT+ community (LGBTQ month at Swansea University).

As part of this I recently gave a presentation at an Inside Government event in London on supporting and promoting women in STEM subjects and careers. My topic was to present Swansea University as a case study and describe what we had  done to achieve this aim in practical terms.  Interestingly, I noticed the audience was comprised of many people who had roles that had  been created relatively recently, or were very new  to these roles themselves. These included advisors or support for Athena SWAN initiatives and Equality and Diversity officers. All were keen to hear and share further ideas that would aid in bringing about more inclusivity in the workplace.  Because of this largely new group of people, there was a great deal of learning and forging of new ideas to apply across a large number of institutions, so hopefully the conversations will continue to support increased diversity. There were wonderful sessions for example, by Professor Uta Frith and  Helen Wollaston of the WISE campaign;  these made for very lively discussion and networking sessions. There were practical ways presented to take positive actions to encourage more talented women to apply for senior roles and to increase the diversity within leadership positions. The tweets can be found under #IGSTEM17.

Regarding the issue of few women in senior positions, a few years ago I wrote an article entitled ‘Marjorie Stephenson and Me’ for the Society for General Microbiology (now the Microbiology Society), emphasising the need and benefits for greater inclusion and participation of women in learned societies too, as well as in the workplace. There are still few women in such leadership roles and actively participating at senior levels in learned societies. The Microbiology Society recently reposted my article, causing me to consider what has changed since 2012. Since the article I have been pleased to be the Society’s Diversity Champion and worked with an excellent group of volunteers and Society staff to draw up and set expectations for an Equality and Diversity plan for the Society. Through this Group and embedding diversity in many areas of the learned society significant changes have been achieved. In May I will be presenting this work at a Royal Society of Biology event and so am reviewing much of the work and progress since then. I am hopeful that when the data are ready that the year on year improvements in diversity will be apparent!

More information about Professor Lappin-Scott and her work can be found at the following links:

Linkedin,  Swansea TedXTalk,  STEM ‘Pioneer’ Award 2017,  WISE Award 2016,  Womenspire Award 2017, Soapbox Science,   Swansea Uni PVC profile, Research Gate


April 11th, 2017

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